Nurse Practitioner Salary Complete Data

Nurse Practitioner Salary
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Nowadays, Nurse Practitioner’s demand are increasing since new doctors mostly choose specialties than primary or family care. Of course that make nurse practitioner salary is higher than registered nurse.

That’s why U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics expects a growth of around 19% in this field by 2020, well above the national average.

There are two main reasons that could explain why nurse practitioners will be in high demand, one of the reasons is due to the expanded insurance coverage as well as the aging of the population.

The increase of aging population, in 2015 the aging population is 48.2 million, and in 2030 is estimated around 74 million. Meanwhile between 2010 and 2016, 20 million American have gained health insurance coverage under the ACA.

The other reasons is like its mentioned above, the number of primary care physicians is decreasing. The national demand for Primary Care Physicians is 224,780 meanwhile the national supply for Primary Care Physicians is 216,580. So based on that, the shortage is 8,200.

But also there are other reasons nurse practitioner will be high on demand, one of the reasons is the job satisfaction is relatively high. 92% of nurse practitioners would encourage other nurses to become nurse practitioners.

And the other reason is that there is a research shows that nurse practitioners provide care equal to better than physicians, and also at a lower cost.

Nurse Practitioner usually nurses that started as Registered Nurse then took advanced practice registered nurse (APRN), like Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) or Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) from an accredited school. After earning an advanced degree, they take a national certification exam that are must recertify every five years.


Nurse practitioners had to have hundreds of hours of clinical practice. In recertification, nurse practitioners may require 1.000 hours of clinical practice plus 75 hours of continuing education, or 150 hours of continuing education. So in short, nurse practitioners are healthcare practitioners that have advanced training and education.

There are several particular areas that nurse practitioners may specialize, such as mental health, family care, pediatric, women’s health, oncology, or other areas. Different type of area could affect their job prospects and potential salary.

Unlike registered nurse, nurse practitioners can order tests, write prescriptions, diagnose conditions and also develop treatment plans. Based on that, nurse practitioners have different duties and services than registered nurse, like:

  • Performing physical exams
  • Diagnosing and managing acute and chronic conditions
  • Providing patients with health promotion and disease prevention information
  • Ordering, conducting, and interpreting diagnostic tests
  • Prescribing both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies
  • Educating and advising patients on health conditions, risks, and treatment options

Because of those duties and services, nurse practitioners have several skills that they used more often, like 90% decision making, 71% written and verbal communication, 59% multitasking, 49% priority setting, 48% teaching or mentoring, 35% observation, 12% research and analysis, and 6% delegation.

So based on that fact, salaries that are earned by nurse practitioners is of course a bit higher compared to registered nurse. Annual nurse practitioner salary based on several specific agencies report are mentioned below:

  • 2016 BLS Occupational Employment and Wages: $104,610
  • 2017 AANP Sample Survey of Nurse Practitioners: $105,670
  • 2018 Payscale.Com Self-Reported Nurse Practitioner Income: $91,504

As a common fact, if the demand for nurse practitioners is increasing, so too are their salaries. So compared to the data above, BLS in May 2013 report mentioned that mean annual wage for nurse practitioners was $95,070.

So the salary growth between 2013 and 2016 is approximately 7%. And also AANP National nurse practitioner Compensation Survey in 2011 reported mean average wage is $94,050. That means if it’s compared to the data shown above, there are 4% nurse practitioner salary growth between 2011 and 2017.

The nurse practitioner salary growth is also can be seen on data in recruiting agencies. Between 2016 and 2017, 137 employers used recruiting agency Merritt Hawkins in order to search for nurse practitioners.

43% of the employers involved were hospitals and 27% were medical groups. Between those 12 months periods, the average nurse practitioner salary offered was $105,000. This represents around 10% increase in average base salary offerings within five years.

Nurse practitioner salary is also differentiated by several factors, like area specialties, states they work, and type of employer. So now let’s discuss those factors one by one.

Salary For Different Types of Specialized Areas For Nurse Practitioners

Nurse practitioner salary is depend on area of certification. Different specialties would bring different level of salary. AANP Compensation Survey list mean income for a number of areas:

  • Psychiatric / Mental Health – Family: $132,115
  • Psychiatric / Mental Health – Adult: $129,13
  • Psychiatric / Mental Health: $123,360
  • Neonatal: $123,041
  • Gerontology: $121,614
  • Hospice and Palliative Care: $111,202
  • Acute Care: $111,083
  • adult-Gerontology, Acute Care: $109,700
  • Oncology: $108,668
  • Adult: $108,047
  • Family: $107,917
  • adult- Gerontology, Primary Care: $105,922
  • Pediatrics: $102,492
  • Women’s Health: $101,787
  • Diabetes Management-Advanced: $101,000

AANP also surveyed on several nurse practitioners, majority received paid vacation, paid sick leave, professional liability insurance, health insurance, life insurance, retirement plan, and also reimbursement for licensure and certifications. But it differ for them, mostly based on specific employer.

Nurse Practitioner Salary Based on State Where They Work

Beside their specialties, nurse practitioners salary also differ based in the states they work. Some states offer higher rate of salary than other states.

Here are nurse practitioner salary based on state, there are 10 states that offer the highest annual mean salary for nurse practitioners based on BLS:

  • California: $133,780
  • Alaska: $122,880
  • Massachusetts: $122,740
  • New Jersey: $122,100
  • New York: $120,970
  • Hawaii: $120,570
  • Minnesota: $119,160
  • Connecticut: $118,020
  • Washington: $117,650
  • Wyoming: $116,030

The top 6 states that are mentioned above are also among the top-10 states for the highest cost of living based on the Missouri Economic Research and Information Center’s cost of living index.

cost of living data
Cities across the nation participate in the Council for Community & Economic Research (C2ER) survey on a volunteer basis. Price information in the survey is governed by C2ER collection guidelines which strive for uniformity.

And now here are 10 states that offer the lowest paying:

  • Alabama: $95,970
  • Tennessee: $95,990
  • Pennsylvania: $98,250
  • Kansas: $99,430
  • Kentucky: $99,790
  • South Carolina: 99,910
  • South Dakota: $100,690
  • West Virginia: $100,690
  • Florida: $101,100
  • Ohio: $101,970

There’s also top paying metropolitan regions that offers most job opportunities. Here is the list that shows highest paying regions with the greatest concentration of jobs available. The list is arranged from the highest job density to the lowest.

  • New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA: $161,560
  • New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division: $166,150
  • Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH: $169,470
  • Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA: $178,190
  • Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA NECTA Division: $170,670
  • Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI: $128,520
  • Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division: $185,050
  • Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV: $132,530
  • Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX: $139,430
  • Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD: $129,040

Average Nurse Practitioner Salary

Mean nurse practitioner salary based on state in U. S.

RankState2018 Average Salary2017 Average Salary2016 Average Salary2015 Average Salary2014 Average Salary2013 Average Salary5-Year Change
19New Hampshire$109,460$112,440$108,170$106,210$100,000$98,79011
4New Jersey$122,100$117,630$115,230$111,090$106,060$102,06020
17New Mexico$109,810$109,330$104,580$106,170$100,490$100,5009
5New York$120,970$117,210$113,450$106,830$104,510$100,42021
33North Carolina$104,100$106,320$103,090$104,310$96,020$94,91010
26Nrth Dakota$106,200$103,470$95,260$92,750$88,520$87,50021
20Rhode Island$109,290$108,630$109,430$108,950$101,130$98,00012
45South Carolina$99,910$97,140$94,930$91,440$88,460$84,48018
43South Dakota$100,690$100,030$97,490$94,680$90,210$88,13014
44West Virginia$100,690$95,000$92,890$91,270$88,780$84,22020

Table: Andrew DePietro  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics  Get the data  Created with Datawrapper

That’s all the data you’ll have to know about nurse practitioner salary based on state in all U. S. regions.

Salary Based on Type of Employer

Nurse practitioner salary is also different based on the type of employer they work for. Here is the BLS reports based in that matter:

  • General medical and surgical hospitals: $111,850
  • Outpatient care centers: $111,690
  • Offices of other health practitioners: $106,670
  • Offices of physicians: $105,730
  • Colleges, universities, and professional schools: $100,040

Based on those data above, nurse practitioners are more likely to have slightly higher salary if compared to other job related to healthcare department, like registered nurse, medical and health service manager, nurse midwife, physician’s assistant, and also nurse anesthetist.

The median salary for nurse practitioners is $103,880, for registered nurse is $70,000, medical and health services manager $98,350, nurse midwife $100,590, physician’s assistant $104,860, and nurse anesthetist $165,120. So as you can see the only healthcare job that’s mentioned above that have higher salary than nurse practitioner are nurse anesthetist.

Demand for Nurse Practitioner Based on States

Currently the demand and supply of nurse practitioners are in line, at 57,330. So the need of nurse practitioner meet with the amount of nurse practitioner that’s available at this moment.

But Bureau of Labor Statistics, using Projections Central tool, predicts that demand of nurse practitioner in every state on U.S. will increase between 2014 and 2024. As written above, several factors influenced the demand of nurse practitioners. Those factors made job growth will increase.

Beside Bureau for Labor Statistics (BLS), the prediction of the increase of nurse practitioners’ demand is also predicted by several organizations, such as American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP), National Center for Health Workforce Analysis (NCHWA), and Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF). All of them predict that demand for nurse practitioners in the coming decade will increase.

BLS on October 2017 predicted that between 2016 and 2026, nurse practitioners opening nationwide would increase 36%. BLS projected 56,000 new nurse practitioners’ jobs would be created, based in 155,500 nurse practitioners that are working in 2016. So the total for nurse practitioners jobs in 2026 is estimated 211,500 jobs.

NCHE also had estimated the increase demand of nurse practitioners that would happen in 2025, NCHE estimated that the South area of the country will have the greatest demand for nurse practitioners in general and family medicine, general internal medicine, general pediatrics, and geriatrics in 2025. The second place will be in the west, followed by midwest, and the last one is the northeast.

But the newest estimation can be seen on Occupational Outlook Handbook Bureau of Labor Statistics. It said that the employment of nurse practitioners is projected to increase with approximately 62,000 jobs being added from 2018 to 2028. The increase is around 26%.

Here are Top States for Nurse Practitioners Job Growth (2014-2024)

The data below are showing job growth in top states for nurse practitioners, there are two main parts, based on the number of jobs in several states and by percentage also in several states.

  • Based on number of jobs:
    • California: 4,200 jobs created
    • Texas: 3,880 jobs
    • Florida: 3,830 jobs
    • New York: 3,660 jobs
    • Georgia: 1,850 jobs
    • Tennessee: 1,740 jobs
    • Illinois: 1,560 jobs
    • Massachusetts: 1,550 jobs
    • Virginia: 1,530 jobs
    • North Carolina: 1,370 jobs
  • By percentage:
    • Georgia: 52.7%
    • Nevada: 52.7%
    • Texas: 48%
    • Florida: 46.8%
    • Utah: 46%
    • Virginia: 43.2%
    • Kentucky: 43.1%
    • Colorado: 42.7%
    • Tennessee: 40.7%
    • North Dakota: 40%

Based data above, in California 4,200 jobs for nurse practitioners were created. That’s the highest amount compared to all the regions. And the lowest jobs created for nurse practitioners is at North Carolina. Those data based on the number of jobs created.

And by percentage, there are two regions that shares the same percentage. Those regions are Georgia and Nevada, that share 52,7%. The lowest percentage is at North Dakota that’s had 40%.

There’s also a growing movement in primary care, from the patient-centered care switch to team-based. Obviously the patient-centered care, there’s one practitioners establishes exclusive one-on-one relationship with a patient. This exclusive relationship facilitate positive health outcomes.

And in team-based primary care, there are two or more practitioners that are working together as a team. This method also establishes relationship in order to create positive outcomes for the patient.

There are plus and minus in both methods, but recently the team-based primary care are increased significantly. The reason is because the more practitioners involves would bring more positive and solid outcomes for the patient. Based on that fact, so more nurse practitioners will be needed for their interpersonal skills and cost-effectiveness of their employment.

So there’s all the information you’ll need to know about nurse practitioner salary. Hope it would help you decide your future if you want to be a nurse practitioner.

Image Pixabay.

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